Consulting on Social Management and Resettlement Madagascar, 2004 to 2009
The Ambatovy mining project was the largest investment in the history of Madagascar.
It consists of an open-pit nickel and cobalt mine in the interior of the island, a 200-km pipeline to the coast, a treatment plant, a tailings dam, and the expansion of the Toamasina port.
SCG designed the Action Plan for Resettlement and supported and accompanied its implementation
To build the mine it was necessary to resettle 300 families, who lived in scattered homes without access to basic services and were engaged in subsistence agriculture and occasional jobs.
A collective resettlement was implemented that allowed families to maintain their agricultural activities and access to jobs and markets
For this, a replacement land of 1,000 hectares was acquired near the city of Toamasina, where new houses, roads, schools and irrigation works were built, according to designs defined in conjunction with the families.
SCG provided post resettlement support and monitoring to resettled families, to help them transition to their new context and restore their livelihoods. The monitoring showed positive results such as:
Increased enrollment of children in new schools.
Greater family planning and pre and post natal care.
Increased vaccination coverage.
Decreased levels of malnutrition.
90% increase in the use of latrines.